Victims of teenage bullying are more vulnerable to mental distress and suicide attempts, reports a new study.
Some forms of bullying are significantly correlated with feeling sad or hopeless and attempting suicide, according to a new study published in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by John Rovers of Drake University, US, and colleagues. The correlation is highest when teens are bullied based on their sexual orientation or gender orientation, the study found.
Dark Side of Teenage Bullying
School bullying is a common problem, with research estimating that as many as 30% of American youth suffer from being bullied. There is growing evidence that being bullied can have lasting effects on students’ well-being, health, and social adjustment.
The authors of the present study used data from the 2018 Iowa Youth Survey, a broad questionnaire offered every two or three years to both private and public school students in the 6th, 8th and 11th grade across the state of Iowa. They analyzed 70,451 validated responses for correlations between mental health and bullying.
How Does Bullying Affect Mental Health?
Unadjusted odds ratios indicated that students who reported being physically bullied, and those bullied based on religion, were no more likely to report feelings of sadness or hopelessness than students who reported no instances of being bullied. However, bullying related to sexual orientation or gender identity, or hurtful sexual jokes and comments, was consistently correlated with feelings of sadness and hopelessness, as well as suicide attempts (OR 1.40-2.84). Cyberbullying, social bullying, and bullying based on race also had significant correlations with mental distress and suicide attempts.
Stop Bullying to Save Young Lives
The authors conclude that different types of bullying have different correlations with mental health outcomes, and that a better understanding of these differences could help shape bullying mitigation strategies in schools.
The authors add: “Bullying hurts. It hurts the victim, and it hurts the bully. Nobody comes out better for the experience.”