Despite these efforts, the specific health issues contributing to the poor work performance among Japanese employees, particularly differences between men and women, remain unidentified.
A cross-sectional study was conducted to analyze the relationship between 26 health problems and presenteeism using data from health examinations, stress checks, health insurance claims, and work performance of Japanese corporate employees (12,526 individuals aged 21-69 years) by gender. The results demonstrated that nine health problems were related to poor work performance for both genders.
Depressive symptoms were most strongly related for men and women, followed by indefinite complaints as lack of appetite, insufficient sleep, and heart palpitations or shortness of breath. Additionally, for men, 14 health problems were related to work performance, including mental illness and other indefinite complaints. The relationship between health problems and poor work performance was stronger for men than for women.
Additionally, as priority support for men, we must focus on improving the psychosocial environment in the workplace by addressing various issues including long working hours, work overload, and conflicts in interpersonal relationships in the workplace.
- Health problems related to presenteeism among Japanese employees – (https://journals.lww.com/joem/abstract/9900/health_problems_related_to_presenteeism_among.422.aspx)